Blackberry (Rubus spp), Rebus detritus, Rebus glacis, Rubus Ulmifolius. Thorny bush of the Rosaceae family that reaches up to 4 meters in height. Its flowers are white or pink, with 5 petals. The fruit is composed of several small purple or black drupes, each with a seed inside. . It is distributed throughout Central America. In Pena’s Blanca’s and its buffer zone we find at least two species, one of ash stalks and small fruit, rounded, covered when ripe (black) one layer of white powder and another with red stalks and oblong fruit. The leaves and tender shoots contain abundant tannin’s, which make them astringent and thermostatic. The fruits also contain tannin, carbohydrates (glucose and cellulose), pro vitamin A, vitamin C, and organic acids (citric, lactic, succinct, calico, cyclical). Its fruits are foodstuffs, of them they are made soft drinks, ice cream, sweets, stuffing for cakes and marmalade.
Blackberries nutrition and health benefits
Discords already recommended the leaves of the bush for the treatment of haemorrhoids. Its fruits have been used since ancient times in human food, and constitute an excellent natural treat for children and adults. Some hundred species of brambles and many more varieties are known, all with the same properties. The leaves and tender shoots contain abundant tannin’s, which make them astringent and thermostatic. The fruits also contain tannin, carbohydrates (glucose and cellulose), pro vitamin A, vitamin C, and organic acids (citric, lactic, succinct, calico, cyclical).
The parts used are leaves, tender stems and fruits (blackberries or blackberries). Haemorrhoids: the decoction of leaves and buds of bush is applied locally in baths or compresses, to inflammations and prevent them to bleed.
- Diarrhoea, gastroenteritis and colitis, due to their remarkable astringent effect. The leaves and shoots are more than the fruits, but are often consumed together to enhance their effects and take advantage of the flavour of the fruits. For children with diarrhoea, the juice of blackberries is administered to teaspoons, or the syrup that is prepared with it. Fever diseases: fruit juice (blackberries) is refreshing and invigorating, so it is very appropriate for febrile or debilitated patients.
- Pharyngeal affections: the decoction of leaves and buds, as well as tender buds and fruits, has a beneficial effect on mouth ulcers, gingivitis (inflammation of the gums), stalactites (inflammation of the oral mucous), pharyngitis and tonsillitis.
- Wounds, skin ulcers and boils: apply washing or compresses with the decoction, or cataplasms with the leaves crushed in mortar. They help heal and heal.
Decoction of 30-50 grs. Of tender shoots and / or leaves in a litre of water, for 5-10 minutes; take up to 3 cups daily. The spring buds can be eaten directly and also exert a curative action on contact with the buckle mucous. The juice of blackberries is taken fresh, from 1 to 3 glasses daily. In syrup, which is prepared by adding to the juice twice its weight in sugar, if possible integral (brown), heating it to the fire until it dissolves completely; blackberry juice or syrup, are usually mixed with the decoction to enhance its effect and improve its flavour.
Externally, decoction more concentrated (50-80 grams per litre) than for internal use, which is applied in compresses, baths, rinses and margaritas. Cataclysms with leaves crushed in a mortar that is applied on the affected skin. According to the Oregon Cane berry Commission and Blackberry Commission (2002) blackberry seed presents high contents of polemic, linoleum, Nicole and politic oils that have an effect in the prevention of heart disease and cancer. The newspaper La Nation (July 5, 2000) cites a report by EFE and AP that indicates that transliteration, or only restorative (short for res), controls the performance of NF-Kappa B protein, which in turn is linked to the destruction of cancer cells and heart problems. Among the products that contain it are peanuts, blackberries and grapes. It also prevents cellular inflammation, which is associated with arthritis and other diseases.
The Skier Group Foundation (fruits (Q) consumer.es) mentions that the consumption of blackberry is important because: it has a high content of anthologists and arytenoids, which are antioxidants, which neutralize the action of free radicals that are harmful to the body, which produces anti-inflammatory effects and antibacterial action, has a high content of vitamin C and contains high amounts of fibre. They add that the intake of these substances boosts our immune system and contributes to reducing the risk of degenerative, cardiovascular and even of cancer. Also in situations such as pregnancy, breastfeeding, smoking, circulation problems, stress, cancer and chronic inflammatory diseases recommend the use of blackberry and other wild berries that have a high content of vitamin C. It is also a good diuretic.
In the territory of Pena’s Blanca’s this plant is mainly located in the lower part of the protected area, especially where there has been greater intervention to the forest and there is some recovery process.
Currently there are no blackberry crops. They appear in the paddocks and are left only to the birds and the cows. Establishing the crop, given the nutritional and transformation perspectives of this species, involves establishing furrows leaving 2 m between plant and plant and 2 m between furrows. Training pruning is required. Each plant must have at least one support pole and between all the posts of each groove establishes the lines of wire that are necessary to support the branch of the plant.
Harvesting of this fruit requires delicacy and dedication, as well as appropriate gloves to avoid thorny stems. Their transfer is done in small boxes, organized in turn in bigger boxes, all with resistance to the weights, or what will arrive at its destination is the juice. Perhaps because of this the transformation has developed, since the fruit being so delicate, it is best to process it as quickly as possible and as close as possible to the productive plots.