Matasano fruit health benefit
Matasano (Casimiroa sapota) native from Mexico to Costa Rica, probably distributed by the itinerant human population in the past. The fruits are edible; much appreciated by the white-green pulp of sweet taste and is grown in the houses. It is not seen as an item and is not cultivated as such. Popular synonymy: Iztactzopotl (Nahunta), white Capote, Capote dormitory, Zapotec, Capote coniferous.
Zanthoxylum bombacifolium A. Rich., Zanthoxylum arliaceum Turcz, Fagara bombacifolia Drug & Urban, Casimiroa sapota Orst.
Botany and ecology
Tree of 2 to 10 m in height, has its dense branch. With the leaves composed of 5 leaflets in the form of open hand of bright green colour. The flowers are fragrant, yellowish-green or whitish. Its fruits are 8 to 10 cm wide, yellowish with a sweet white flesh, resembling an apple and have 5 seeds. Native species of Mexico and Guatemala. It inhabits in warm climates, semi-warm and temperate from the 500 and the 2600 msnm. Cultivated in family orchards or associated with deciduous and sub-deciduous tropical forests, saprophytes scrub, spiny forest, mountain mesomorph and mixed pine-oak.
Ethnology botany and anthropology. White Capote, particularly and most frequently used in the treatment of hypertension, is commonly known as high blood pressure in the central part of the country (Est ado DE Mexico, Homicidal, Michigan, Morels, Puebla and Tlaloc) and in Chiapas. For this purpose, it is recommended to take the infusion of the leaves of this plant every third day in fasting or to eat a fruit after each meal, until having the normal pressure. The infusion can also be prepared by adding chayote leaves (Schism educe) and canary seed or only with tomato peel.
Usually used against insomnia or as regulator of sleep, informants emphasize that rather than falling asleep, facilitates sleep. It is advised to drink tea at night, one or two hours before going to sleep, after having eaten the last food; the cooking of leaves or seeds, drink before bed and eat only the fruit, enough to sleep all night.
On the other hand, it is advised to administer the leaves by the oral route to treat diabetes; by local route, to give baths in the burning or women’s baths after childbirth. In this case, the infusion of the leaves, with those of rosemary, can be prepared. Baths are given daily in the next 3 to 4 days after delivery.
Other medicinal baths consist of leafing the person, that is, once it is inside the timescale, it is hit the naked skin with the branches of the Capote, or to take a bath with the water where the leaves of this plant were boiled and those of avocado. At the end of bathing the patient is covered with a blanket.
Against the iztaquiotl (nominate in the Ottoman language), the leaves are cooked.
To use it as an analgesic (body pain) and antipathetic (it diminishes the fever), a general bath is given with the firing of the leaves. For the arthritic pains can be taken care of the bark, leaf or seed and to remove colic, infusion of the seed.
Other conditions in which white sapodilla is used are: rheumatism, kidney pains, heart conditions, nerves, headache and toothache, fever, dizziness. It is even used as a diuretic.
In the sixteenth century, the Florentine Codex mentions it as a sleeping pill. Francisco Hernandez reports that the leaves crushed and applied to the wet nurses, cure the diarrhea of infants; the burned and powdered bones cure the putrid ulcers by completely removing and consuming the vitiated meat, the ulcer, raising new flesh and producing healing with admirable rapidity; the fruits eaten conciliate the dream. It calms the children’s belly pains, if they come from cold or flatulence. In the information arising from the Geographical Relations of the sixteenth century it is pointed out that it is very profitable for inflammations.
At the end of the 19th century, in Data for Material Medical Mexicans, it was reported that in the research carried out by the National Medical Institute, positive results were obtained in most cases, used as: hypnotic, anticoagulant and antipathetic, pain reliever, the agitation, the delirium and favourable of the dream.
In the 20th century, Maiming Martinez referred to it as: anti convulsive, antipathetic, ant rheumatic, antiseptic, hypnotic, hypertensive, for gastrointestinal irritations, causes paralysis of respiration, is sedative, dilatory and analgesic. Luis Cabrera, reports it for atherosclerosis, as diaphoretic (which induces an abundant sweating), diuretic and hypnotic. Finally, the Pharmaceutical Society of Mexico indicates as a diuretic (induces to urinate abundantly) and hypnotic (Oral hypnotics are used in the treatment of severe insomnia)
One of the best evaluated and proven activities of this plant is the hypertensive, which has been observed with different types of extracts prepared with various parts of the plant and especially with the seeds. This activity was tested intravenously, using various species of experimental animals (cat, dog, guinea pig, rabbit and rat).
Two other well-studied and proven activities are the stimulating effect of the uterus, observed with aqueous and ethanol extracts of the plant, demonstrated in tissue isolated from the uterus of cat, guinea pig, rabbit and adult human; and the emetic activity demonstrated in dogs with ethanol extracts administered orally.
The ethanol extract of the seed also presented relaxing activity of the skeletal muscles and stimulant of the smooth and skeletal muscles, from several animal species (guinea pig, rabbit and cat). The fruit presented analgesic activity, depressant of the central and hypothermia nervous system.
Ethanol-aqueous extracts prepared with aerial parts of the plant and evaluated in rats showed anti-inflammatory and diuretic activity.
A methanol-ethanol extract of seeds, administered intravenously, showed hypertensive activity and a negative psychotropic effect (Phototropism in an effect some substances have on the heart rhythm. Those that are positive psychotropic accelerate the heart rate, while the which have a negative psychotropic effect produce a decrease in heart rate, for example, the sympathetic nervous system produces tachycardia, which is why it is a positive psychotropic, whereas the parasympathetic nervous system is psychotropic because it decreases the heart rate) in rats.
The effect of the alcoholic extract on blood pressure in dogs at a dose of 0.2 g / kg of body weight was also observed, besides producing analgesia, CNS depression, respiratory arrest or death by overdose.
Injection of the extract into dogs at the 1 g / kg dose causes death from respiratory paralysis. On the other hand, the oral application of white sarsaparilla to pregnant rabbits revealed at the autopsy an abundant vaginal bleeding.
In order to determine the mean lethal dose in rats, it was found that from 2 to 2.5 g / kg of rat weight, symptoms of toxicity were observed, such as muscular in coordination, loss of balance, predilection, etc.
Cassiopeia delis is a plant native to Mexico that has been mentioned since the sixteenth century as a sleep and has been maintained until today, an effect that has been corroborated through various pharmacological studies, In addition to this use, has other applications which have been given since the last century.
It is said to have soporific properties (Chang 2001). It is cultivated for its edible fruits in the Nor central region of the country, is said to have soporific properties. The fruits contain a glycogen, moccasin extracted in Mexico, which is synoptic and has a sedative effect. It is popularly believed that eating fruit induces sleep (Williams 1981). The leaves, bark and seeds are used as sedatives, soporific, tranquillisers and for hypertension. The fruit is used for arthritic pains and rheumatism. Topically the leaves are used for baths for burns, delirium, asthma and gonorrhoeal (Caceres 1999).
It is located in the lower part of the protected area and in different communities in the buffer zone. It is not currently plentiful.
Cultivation It is not cultivated as red. Where there is an isolated tree. It could be cultivated as a commodity in agro forestry systems, which would enrich biodiversity because its mature fruit is sought by fruit bats, foxes, birds and causes, and could generate income if it spread more as a consumable fruit, rich in beta carotene.
Like all fruits, it is necessary to collect them near their maturity and in their transport it is necessary to watch so that they do not bruise. This fruit is extremely delicate.