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Pomegranate health benefits livestrong

Pomegranate health benefits livestrong

Pomegranate health benefits livestrong

Granado / Granada Punica granatum L. Vernacular name: pomegranate.

Botanical Description

Small tree or woody shrub densely branched from the base, which can reach up to 6-7 m in height if allowed to grow freely.

Branches

They have long thorns but not the branches.

Leaves

Oblong-lanceolate, with entire edges and curvaceous, bright dark green in its adult state.

 Flowers

Very showy, hermaphrodite, bright red and bright.

Fruit

Large subglobous body, 5-10 cm in diameter, white or pink flesh, leathery per car, bitter and very astringent.

Seeds

Large, are inside a transparent envelope (“aril”).

Pharmacognosy

The medical matter is the dry per carp of the fruit, the bark and the root. The bark presents in small pieces, with flat cracks in its surface. The bark of the root is rough, with scars on the part where the cork has fallen.

Pharmacodynamics

The substances contained in the shell of the fruit have the capacity to present astringent activity; decoction is used in the treatment of diarrhoea, steatites, pharyngitis, virginities, and in viral conditions such as shingles. Due to its content in alkaloids with anthelmintic activity, the decoction bark is used to eliminate tapeworm (“solitary earthworm”). The phenol content gives pomegranate juice antioxidant properties. The pomegranate is officinal in some countries, so it is found in several pharmacopoeias. The Chilean population also uses the pomegranate bark as stomach (dyspepsia, difficult digestions). It is recommended not to exceed the therapeutic doses or the time of treatment since its excess can cause toxic manifestations: dizziness, decreased vision, weakness and cramps in the legs, convulsive tremors.

Commercial presentation

From Punica granatum pharmaceutical and homeopathic preparations are marketed; capsules of powdered pomegranate and charcoal – in equal parts – indicated to treat diarrhoea of ​​any aetiology. From the juice of the fruit refreshing syrup known as grenadine is prepared.

Agronomic aspects

This plant is considered one of the oldest growing fruit trees in the world, and the vermiform properties of its bark were already recognized by Discords more than 2000 years ago. From the Punic genus it is common to find an ornamental variety (Punic prototypical) cultivated between Regions I and IV and the Metropolitan Region, characterized by having the flower of simple petals and the smaller fruit of the commercial variety, Punic ageratum, which is distinguished by having flowers with double petals and a large fruit (between 7 and 15 cm). For its cultivation, this plant requires temperate climates, dry, but with good conditions of humidity, and soils clay and calcareous. It is multiplied by seeds, which take approx. 30 days in germinate, or by cuttings of young branches of 1 cm in diameter, which are fleshed out and buried almost entirely in bags of seedlings, where they rooted quickly and in 6-9 months are ready to be transplanted. For good production it is necessary to prune at 1 m in height and to harvest at 3-4 years (the maximum harvest is achieved at 10 years). Although it is a bush resistant to pests, it is usually attacked by some insects and fungi.

Traditional uses

  1. a) Internal use: diarrhoea, dyspepsia; pharyngitis; stalactites; to eliminate the tapeworm (solitary earthworm). The decoction is prepared with 1 tablespoon of the rind or peels for 1 litre of water, boil 5 minutes: drink 3-4 cups in the day. To expel the tapeworm take 3 days in a fast, a cup of decoction prepared with 2 tablespoons of plant.
  2. b) External use: in virginity (washes), tonsillitis (gargles), herpes zoster (compresses). Use the same decoction.

Effects

vermifuge1, astringent2, antiviral3, digestive4.

Precautions

Do not administer during pregnancy, lactation and to children less than 5 years; not to exceed the therapeutic doses nor the time of treatment, since it can produce vertigo, diminution of vision, weakness, cramps in the legs and convulsive tremors. These products have the character of symptomatic auxiliaries and do not replace what the doctor indicated in the treatment of a disease. When you see your doctor, tell him or her that you are using this medicinal herb. Avoid preparation in aluminium utensils.

Other antecedents

Their effects have some scientific evidence.

  1. Eliminates intestinal worms.
  2. It contracts and hardens the organic tissues.
  3. Combat virus infection.
  4. It promotes digestion.

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