Basil. (Ocimun basilicum). Of the family Lamiaceae (family of the Chan, Basil, Good grass, Oregano Oregon). Herbs, shrubs or trees, with quadrangular young stems, often with aromatic foliage. Leaves simple, opposite, without stipples. Inflorescence on tops or reduced to a single flower. Walnut fruits or sometimes drupe. In Nicaragua, 11 genera and 52 species are known. Being the genus with more species Hopis with 20 species. Hopis aspersion is an endemic species.
Sweet basil benefits and side effects
Diffused from India all over the world. It is an herbaceous plant, rustic, permanent, in the territory of Peas Blanca’s, with a rectangular erect stem, with many branches and exhaling a mild menthol smell. Its leaves are long etiolated, oval, slightly toothed or whole. Its flowers are white or pink, tubular. It is mealier. The lower the territory of Peas Blanca’s is cultivated, it has more essential oils. With some shadow it becomes more aromatic. The basil that we have in the lower part of the protected area, especially in the farm La Station, Don Francisco Cruz and in the CEN, is much more mentholated than the one that is grown in warm and drier areas.
It’s essential oil is composed of eucalyptol, straggle, cineol, Borneo, cymene, germinal, knothole, cardinal, β-carofileno, cx-terpin, saprobe, linalool, cheviot, methylchavicol, leno, cafe no, citronellal, β-pentene, methyl inanimate, Miocene, limonene and other terrene derivatives. The leaves also contain aesculetina or coumarone, benzenoids, paracumarinic acid, (phenylpropanide) and flavonoids eradicator, its derivatives, and vice nine.
It has anti-depressive effects, anti-emetic (relieves the desire to vomit), and centrifuge (relieves fever). It is also stimulating the adrenal cortex and expectorant. The essential oil acts against Gram positive and negative bacteria. The aqueous solution also acts against fungi on the skin. The infusion has smooth muscle relaxant effects and anti androgenic effects in the stomach by the presence of flavouring triglycerides. Leaves and flowers are analgesic.
1: To dissolve or mature canker tumours and canker sores, the leaves are milled and applied as a poultice on the affected part.
2: To calm the headache, it is prepared in infusion which consists of 30 grams of basil leaves in a cup of water that should be boiled for 7 minutes. It is taken very hot.
3: If you want an aphrodisiac to help lift your vital and sexual energy, you can take these same preparation three cups a day.
4: To soothe severe earaches, grind fresh leaves. Then with the juice that is extracted a cotton wool is soaked and placed in the entrance of the ear (without introducing it) in such a way that the liquid can come out and enter, little by little, in the ear canal.
5: An effective way to scare away flies, mosquitoes and mosquitoes is to hang on the walls and ceiling sprigs of basil. Also, this plant helps to disinfect the bites of these insects. To do this, you must crush the basil leaves and make a poultice which should be placed on the bites. An important aspect, especially in women who are breastfeeding, is that basil is also galactogous (stimulates milk production).
6: For bronchitis, 15 leaves are boiled in 4 cups of water for five minutes and taken 3 cups a day, avoiding consuming dairy cows (curds, cheese and milk).
7: To milkweed (oral thrush): an infusion of 15 sheets in one litter of water is made, is left to stand and cool, strain and applied with cotton every 2 hours.
8: For dengue, cut a 10-cm-long stem with leaves and flowers, prick it well and make an infusion with a cup of boiling water. He drinks 3 times a day.
9: For skin infections, infuse 15 leaves into ½ litter of boiling water. It is applied to the affected area at least once a day.
10: For fevers or fevers caused by various diseases, such as rubella, measles, baths are given with 4 litters of boiled water with 40 leaves of Basil. The water is allowed to warm in order to use it. 11: For urinary tract infections, infuse 15 leaves with ½ litters of water and drink a cup 3 times a day. 12: For seborrhoea dermatitis (a type of severe acne), it takes infusion as urinary tract infections and apply the recipe for skin infections at the same time 3 times a day.
Basil is found in many of the territory’s communities, as part of the home gardens. It is not found as a crop. Most families do not use it to they do not use it to keep insects away from homes, to protect their clothes, or to protect other crops, despite their repellent qualities.
The cultivation of basil as a productive sector can lead to have about 20,000 plants per hectare or about 18,000 per manzana. They are usually sown very close together. In the CEN, on a small scale, we have tried with good results to have the plants about 40 cm between plant and plant and 1m between groove and groove, a distance that allows to pass between and to prune branches to harvest leaves and collect seeds.
What is harvested is the leaf, preferably in the morning, which is when there is greater concentration of essential oils. The branches are pruned and then hang protected from the sun and moisture, and preferably where the wind runs, so that they can dry without fungus or meld that deteriorates the fabric. The dried leaves are packed in paper or plastic bags of 100, 250, 500 and 1 kg.